To assist you every step of the rental process, the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) offers the following tips on finding the right accommodation and things to know when you have moved.
First, to find the right accommodation, you must know your needs as a tenant. What is your budget? In what area would you live? How many rooms do you need? What services and amenities do you give a lot of importance? If you have not yet created a list of your needs and preferences, the CMHC Housing Research Grid can help you on the right foot.
After determining your criteria, you have to start looking for your new home. There are many resources to help you find an apartment for rent. This goes newspapers, websites listings for apartments and bulletin boards in local libraries and community centers to recommendations of your friends or visiting neighborhoods you like to search for signs “for rent “. [ Comment from the Editor: The magazines like Renters Guide are also excellent resources!]
When you visit a place to rent, prepare a list of questions to ask the owner. For example, you might ask if the rent includes parking and public services, what is the nature of the lease you should sign, if you can change the scene and it is allowed to have pets or smoking .
It is important to make a good impression when you meet the owner. Put on clean clothes and arrive on time. Respect the privacy of the current tenant. Finally, make the life of the owner a bit easier by providing a list and references from former owners, a letter from your current employer and a check in case you would like to make a down payment if the property you are interested.
If you visit more than one dwelling, take note of the key features of each for comparison. The Scorecard CMHC Housing can help you evaluate the different options and make a thoughtful decision.
If you rent, the owner usually ask you to sign a lease, better known as the “lease”. These contracts differ from one province or territory to another, but generally there is inscribed the names of the owner and the tenant, the address of the property, the rent and what it includes, the date of Monthly payment of rent, the amount of any security deposit, the rental period and other information such as responsible for maintaining the property, restrictions put by the tenant and details on access to the premises by the owner (when and how). You should know your rights and responsibilities as a tenant before signing the contract.
Once the lease is signed, it’s time to move! Moving can be stressful. A planning list, such as CMHC covering three weeks before the move, will help you remember everything and live a move without a hitch, as far as possible.
Before you arrive, you and the homeowner should inspect the scene together. Use the Initial Inspection Worksheet housing to Rate everything you notice that at the time of your departure, you are not liable for pre-existing damage on arrival.
After moving in, you must agree with the owner about your responsibilities, for example regarding regular and urgent repairs, rent increases, or treatment of any complaints. In case of emergency (roof leak, faulty boiler in winter, etc.), try to reach the owner or your contact in case of emergency at least twice and grant reasonable time to respond. If you are unable to speak to the owner and must authorize emergency work yourself, make sure to document everything and keep all written in connection with repairs for a refund later.
If there is a problem with the landlord that you can not solve, contact the responsible authority housing leasing issues in your jurisdiction to find out if a group of tenants advocacy exists in your community. Avoid at all costs refuse to pay your rent in exchange for the repair costs, since such behavior can justify your expulsion.
As we approach the end of your lease, you can sign a new lease or lease to opt for a month. Depending on your location, the owner can also advise you of the rent increase. For more information on the renewal of a lease or rent increases, see the fact sheet specific to your jurisdiction, prepared by CMHC.
The time will come when you are ready to end your lease and move elsewhere. You and the owner would be another inspection of the property to see if repairs are needed, other than the work established by normal wear. The owner must also provide you any security deposit you paid at the beginning of your lease, including interest.
Remember: you may need to call your former landlord for references later. It is therefore important to finish your relationship on a positive note. Tell him of your writing start respecting a reasonable time. Make the necessary work. Accept visits your home with new prospective tenants. Let your home in the same condition that you found it on arrival, so that the next tenants can it also feel comfortable as you.
For more information on renting housing in Canada, consult the Guide to Renting a home designed by CMHC, or call 1-800-668-2642 . For more than 65 years, CMHC is the national organization responsible for housing and resource objective, reliable housing expertise.